Ms. Linda

Definition of Educational Technology
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Definition of Educational Technology
“Educational technology has a multi-faceted nature comprising a cyclical process, an arsenal
of tools (both physical and conceptual), and a multiple-node relationship between learners and
facilitators of instruction, as well as between learners themselves.” (Reiser, 1997, p.63) Kaplan
(2009) explains that finding a solution to a problem is referred to as critical thinking; however,
mastering a way to change the path of any organization takes collaboration and leadership.
Creating the acceptance of change is necessary and requires excellent communication skills. The
communication between the teacher or trainer and the learner must be constructive and possess
the ability to create curiosity and excitement.
Teachers and trainers acknowledge what the learners needs to know and then they must
choose the correct technology to ensure maximum success by improving performance. Spector
(2012) suggest that education and training differ but with educational technology training is a
part of education. “Educational technology is the study and ethical practice of facilitating
learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological
processes and resources” Januszewski & Molenda (2008)
References
Januszewski, A., & Molenda, A. a. (2008). Definition and Terminology Committee of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology. In Educational technology: A definition with commentary (p. 1). New York: Routleldge.Kaplan, David M.. Readings in the philosophy of technology. 2nd ed. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2009.
Reiser, R. A. & Ely, D. P. (1997). The field of educational technology as reflected through its definitions. Educational technology research and development. Vol. 45, No. 3, 63.
Spector, J….

alcohol

Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Journal Development Disabilities
Introduction
Alcohol is the leading cause of Fetal Spectrum Disorder. It causes child defects, child birth, and development disabilities. Alcohol can affect the development of multiple organs in the organ system. Most women reduce their alcohol use upon pregnancy recognition, some women report drinking during pregnancy and others may continue to drink prior to realizing they are pregnant. “Pregnancy recognition does not occur in many women until 4-6 weeks gestation and yet many women still drink prior to realizing they are pregnant.” (Webber 2009)
Thesis Statement
Prenatal exposure to alcohol has profound effects on many aspects of fetal development. Although alterations of somatic growth and specific minor malformations of facial structure are most characteristic, the effects of alcohol on brain development are most significant in that they lead to substantial problems with neurobehavioral development. Since the initial recognition of the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a number of important observations have been made from studies involving both humans and animals. Of particular importance, a number of maternal risk factors have been identified, which may well be of relevance relative to the development of strategies for prevention of the FAS as well as intervention for those who have been affected.
Article summary
Since FAS was first described in 1973, it has become apparent that it is complex; affected people exhibit a wide range of expression, from severe growth restriction, intellectual disability, birth defects and characteristic dysmorphic facial features to normal growth, facial features and intellectual abilities, but with lifelong deficits in several domains of brain function. FASD requires a medical diagnosis in the context of a multidisciplinary assessment. FASD itself is not a diagnostic term. The purpose of…

police department organization

ANGALEANA WILLIAMS, APRIL STONER,
CHRISTINA MAPLES, AND DESIREE BALLARD
CJA 214 – INTRODUCTION TO POLICE THEORY
AND PRACTICES
SEPTEMBER 8, 2014
DR. STEWART STANFIELD Major organizational theories associated
with policing
? Describe the organization of police agencies
at the local, state, and federal level.
? The civil service system and how it affects
police organization.
? (Role Play)Chief of Police of local agency

How would the team organize the departmentWould it have many specialized units? WhyWhich specialized units would it haveWould decision making be centralized or
decentralized9/14/20142 ? Organizational Theory

There are 3 theories that fall in this
category
1.2.3.
Contingency theory- organizations are created
or structured to achieve specific goals, such as
crime control
Institutional theory- organizations are social
institutions that operate in relation to their
external social and political environments
Resource dependency theory- organizations
must obtain resources to survive, and to obtain
resources, they must engage in exchanges with
other organizations in their environmentManagement Theory

ensuring officers within department and the
community are being properly managed9/14/20143 LOCAL/CITY
POLICESTATE TROOPERS
-STATE POLICE
-HIGHWAY PATROLCOUNTY SHERIFFFEDERAL BUREAU OF
INVESTIGATION (FBI)
CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY
(CIA)
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND
SECURITY (DHS)
US MARSHALUS SECRET SERVICE
9/14/20144 ? What
? Whois the Civil Service System
establishes the system
? Authorityof the system? The two agencies of the Civil

Service SystemCivil Service Agency
Police Department9/14/20145 ? Personalresponsibilities

Pay scale set up
Recruitment procedures
Recruitment tests
Developing disciplinary
procedures? Policedepartment
responsibilities…

OSHPD

OSHPD (Office of Statewide Health Planning & Development)1
Department of “California Health and Human Services Agency”
Primary role is to provide the state with an enhanced understanding of the structure and function of its healthcare delivery systems
It also ensures safe and quality healthcare environments
FDD (Facilities Development Division)2
Reviews and inspects health facility construction projects
Has projects, currently under plan review or construction, valued in excess of $20 billion.
Enforces building standards, per the California Building Standards Code, as they relate to health facilities construction
Licensed Buildings as of December 31, 2013 : http://www.oshpd.ca.gov/HID/Products/Listings.html
OSHPD SPECIAL SEISMIC CERTIFICATION PREAPPROVAL (OSP)
Special Seismic Certification is a process that came with the 2007 California Building Code and states your equipment will remain functional after a seismic event. The only way to get this certification is by placing your unit on a shake table that simulates an earthquake. If after the shaking, your unit still functions, it passed. Certification is obtained upon completion of a detailed report that is reviewed and accepted by a licensed California Structural Engineer
An OSP is an “extra step” whereby OSHPD reviews the report and approves the certification. This “extra step” is not a requirement by the California Building Code or OSHPD but having an OSP number is a valuable tool in proving that your unit is certified
State Law – California Health and Safety Code Section 129895
more than 1,700 facilities containing more than 4,000 buildings with over 200,000 licensed beds meet California building codes and state seismic safety standards mandated by law
County Wise new construction project : http://www.oshpd.ca.gov/FDD/project_status/index.asp
Cost
$5000 for a new application and $1000 for renewal3
Multiple Products can be grouped into a single application if they’re similar in…

hjghjgjgjg

Tai li?u The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organization: TABLE OF CONTENT DETAILS: The nature of groups and group behavior within organizations: Formal and informal group in Texas Instruments: “Groups is an essential feature of the work pattern of any organization”(Mullins) Mullins L.J.(2004), Management and Organizational Behavior 7th edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.. . Indeed, according to Robbins, group is defined as “two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives” Robbins … Ebook The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organizationTai li?u The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organization: TABLE OF CONTENT DETAILS: The nature of groups and group behavior within organizations: Formal and informal group in Texas Instruments: “Groups is an essential feature of the work pattern of any organization”(Mullins) Mullins L.J.(2004), Management and Organizational Behavior 7th edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.. . Indeed, according to Robbins, group is defined as “two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives” Robbins … Ebook The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organizationTai li?u The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organization: TABLE OF CONTENT DETAILS: The nature of groups and group behavior within organizations: Formal and informal group in Texas Instruments: “Groups is an essential feature of the work pattern of any organization”(Mullins) Mullins L.J.(2004), Management and Organizational Behavior 7th edition, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.. . Indeed, according to Robbins, group is defined as “two or more individuals, interacting and interdependent, who have come together to achieve particular objectives” Robbins … Ebook The impact of TechNology on team functioning within a given organizationTai li?u The impact of…

csvs

The other solrrce of economic growth is progress in technology,
the technical means for the production of goods and services. Suppose
Tom figures out a better way either to catch fish or to gather coconuts-
say, by inventing a fishing hook or a wagon for ransporting coconuts. Either
invention would shift his production possibilities curve outward. However, the shift
would not be a simple outward expansion of every point along the PPC. Technolog;r specific
to the production ofonly one good has no effect ifall resources are devoced to the
other good: a fishing hook will be of no use ifTom produces nothing but coconuts. So che
point on rhe PPC that represents the number of coconuts that can be produced if there is
no fishing will not change. In real-world economies, innovarions in the techniques we use
to produce goods and services have been a crucial force behind economic growth.
Again, economic growth means an increase in what the economy can produce.’What
the economy actually produces depends on the choices people make. After his production
possibilities expand, Tom might not choose to produce both more fish and more
coconuts; he might choose to increase production of only one good, or he might even
choose to produce less of one good. For example, if he gets better at catching fish, he
might decide to go on an all-fish diet and skip the coconuts, just as the introduction of
motor vehicles led most people to give up horse-drawn carriages. But even if, for some
reason, he chooses to produce either fewer coconuts or fewer fish than before, we
would still say that his economy has grown, because he could, have produced more of
everything. If an economy’s PPC shifts inward, the economy has become smaller. This
could happen if the economy loses resources or technologr (for example, if it experiences
war or a natural disaster).

ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Introduction
According to the CDC [Centers for Disease Control and Prevention] (2010), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorders of childhood. It is a developmental neurobiological condition defined by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) as the presence of severe and pervasive symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity (cited in Daley & Birchwood, 2010). It is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children, affecting about 3 to 5 percent of children globally (Wikipedia, 2011). It is diagnosed more often in boys than girls (PubMed Health, 2011). According to the APA, criteria for an ADHD diagnosis involves a number of inattentive, impulsive, and hyperactive behaviors over a 6 month period before the age of 7, both at home and in school, which impair daily functioning (cited in Daley & Birchwood, 2010). 30 to 50 percent of the children diagnosed with ADHD continue to have symptoms as adults (Wikipedia, 2011). This can cause problems with relationships, job performance, and job retention. Treatment for this chronic disorder involves medications, behavior modifications, lifestyle changes, and counseling.Causes
The cause of ADHD is unknown. Doctors and researchers aren’t sure what causes it. They believe it is most likely caused by a chemical imbalance in the brain (Riley, 2011). There also appears to be a genetic factor, since ADHD tends to run in families (Riley, 2011). There are some risk factors that may increase the child’s chances of developing ADHD, and they are: (Riley, 2011)
Being a first-born boy
Having a parent or sibling (especially an identical twin) with ADHD
Having a mother who smoked cigarettes or drank alcohol during pregnancy
Being born prematurely
Having a head injury before the age of 2
Being exposed to high levels of lead or certain pesticides
Research does not support the…

BBC Learning English

English at Work
Episode 3: The crisis
Making suggestionsNarrator:Here we are again at Tip Top Trading, where Anna’s interview for a sales
job has been suddenly interrupted. Office assistant Denise has entered the
room, looking very worried. What’s wrong? And will Anna have any
suggestions that might help
Denise:I don’t know what to do!Paul:So what’s the matter Denise
Denise:You know the PowerPoint presentation
Paul:The one we’ve been preparing for the last two months
Denise:Yes.Paul:The one that’s very, very important and that we need this afternoon
Denise:That one.Paul:Aha.Denise:We’ve lost everything!Paul:No!Denise:I had it on a USB stick, to transfer it, but the stick has vanished!Narrator:Right Anna, now is your chance to help them find solutions to the problem.
You’ll need phrases like:
Can I make a suggestionWhy don’t you…Have you tried…Maybe we could…How about…I have an idea!Paul:But don’t you have it saved on your computer
Denise:No, it was taking up a lot of space, so I deleted it.Paul:So you have lost the only copy we have.Denise:Yes.English at Work© British Broadcasting Corporation 2012
Page 1 of 3bbclearningenglish.com Narrator:What idiots! I’ve never seen such a disorganised office. Go on, you’d better
help them, Anna.Anna:Can I make a suggestion
Paul:Yes, please do!Anna:Why don’t you try looking in your recycle bin? It might still be there.Denise:I did. It isn’t.Anna:Have you tried asking your colleagues if they’ve seen the memory stick
Denise:I did. They haven’t.Anna:How about looking through your rubbish bin to see if you threw it away by
mistake
Denise:(getting shirty) I don’t do silly things like that!Paul:All very sensible suggestions Anna, thank you.Anna:Maybe I could do a big…

Legalization of Marijauna

Legalization Of Marijuana
If tobacco is legal, why not legalize and tax marijuana? The packaging of marijuana, and taxing it, would increase revenue for the government. According to the Department of Treasury, as of January 2013, revenue was at 26,515,225,854. (ttb.gov) That includes cigarettes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco, pipe tobacco, and roll your own, manufactured domestically or received from Puerto Rico. (ttb.gov) The condition of this country would be improved if marijuana was legalized.
Marijuana being legalized would decrease the amount of people in jail. There would be more room for more severe crimes. I say this because, according to a study, between 2010 and 2011, California experienced a drastic 20 percent decrease in juvenile crime–bringing the underage crime rate to the lowest level since the state started keeping records in 1954. (Sankin huffingtonpost.com par. 1) In that one-year period, the number of arrests for violent crimes dropped by 16 percent, homicide went down by 26 percent and drug arrests decreased by nearly 50 percent. (Sankin huffingtonpost.com par. 1)
Differences between recreational and medicinal marijuana is that medicinally, like in California, you have to have a prescription card from a doctor, while recreationally like they do in Colorado, as long as your 21 and over, marijuana is legal. But the concept of the state government growing and selling marijuana itself, in an effort to stem any illicit sale or use of the drug, has been floated by some legalization advocates. (Sankin huffingtonpost.com par 2)But the task force dismissed state production at the onset of its report, concluding that Amendment 64 clearly envisioned a private industry regulated by the government. (Sankin huffingtonpost.com par 3)
I believe the legalization of marijuana would have its pros and cons, but the pros as of today, in recent studies are very inviting indeed!…

Diversity at Work

Diversity at WorkDiversity is the presence of people from different backgrounds and possessing different traits as well as differences in ages and race. Ethnic origin, culture, physical abilities, religion and sexual orientation are just some possible contributors to diversity when you think on the lines of building or working on a team, being in Leadership or Management. A diverse workforce combines workers from different backgrounds and experiences that together breed a more creative, innovative, and productive workforce. And businesses have learned that they can draw upon our nation’s diversity to strengthen their bottom line. In this way, diversity is a key ingredient to growing a strong and inclusive economy that’s built to last. There are many challenges for company leaders when it comes to diversity in the workplace. Many people are unfamiliar with other cultures and have never had to learn to coexist with people from completely different backgrounds. Companies that offer some diversity training and proactively manage; their workplace will be acceptable to promote tolerance and acceptance of differences, and a better chance of being successful. We understand that people with different cultural, gender and national backgrounds will, with contrasting experiences behind them, offer differing perspectives and opinions about any given problem. It is a more important implication that people, who appear to be similar to each other, such as two middle-aged white men or black men, will share the same views. The benefit of diversity does not principally come from people who are “different” offering “different” perspectives to me are the benefit. An organization’s success and competitiveness depends upon its ability to embrace diversity and realize the benefits. A diverse collection of skills and experiences (languages, cultural understanding) allows a company to provide service to customers on a global basis. Companies…